Dark Web chatter is picking up. I’m interested in providing cool web services anonymously. This is my first attempt at using Docker Compose to stay ahead of this trend.
Assumption: all the software goodies are setup and ready to go on an Ubuntu 16.04 server (
docker-compose, et al).
The Express Application Generator strikes me as a little bloated, but I use it anyway because I’m super lazy.
Once installed, set up a vanilla
express-generator will tell you to run the app like this:
This, of course, is only useful for development. From here, we’ll Dockerize for deployment and Torify for anonymity.
In anticipation of setting up the actual Torified app container, create a new file called
config/torrc. This file will be used by Tor inside the Docker container to serve up our app. Paste the following into
Copy and paste the following into a new file called
Take special note of the comment posted above the
RUN usermode -u 1001 node instruction in
Dockerfile. If you get any errors on the container build/execute step described below, you’ll need to make sure your host user’s UID is the same as your container user’s UID (i.e., the
Usually the user in the container has a UID of
1000. To determine the host user’s UID, execute
id -u. If it’s not
1000, uncomment the
usermod instruction in
Dockerfile and make sure the numbers match.
docker-compose does all of the heavy lifting for building the
Dockerfile and start-up/shut-down operations. Paste the following into a file called
Bring the whole thing online by running
Every now and then I get an error trying to obtain the GPG key:
This usually solves itself on subsequent calls to
Assuming the build and execution was successful, you can determine your
.onion address like this:
You should now be able to access your app from favourite Tor web browser.
If you’re interested in poking around inside the container, access the
bash prompt like this:
This is the first step in configuring and deploying a hidden service on the Tor network. Since working out the initial details, I’ve already thought of potential improvements to this approach. As it stands, only one hidden service can be deployed. It would be far better to create a Tor container able to proxy multiple apps. I will also be looking into setting up
.onion vanity URLs and HTTPS.